Does weather play a role in the activity of rough fish? The short answer is absolutely. For example, a sunny day can bring rough fish into the warm shallows to feed and sun themselves. This is especially true in the spring and fall, when otherwise-cool waters get warmed up by a strong sun making them attractive to rough fish. On the other hand, a cold front can have the opposite effect and cause fish to be less active. Storms can produce both good and bad fishing conditions. Obviously wind can make for tough bowfishing because you can’t see the fish as well, but it can also help bring the fish in to shallower waters as they follow food that gets stirred up and drifts to the downwind shore. Fishing the downwind shore after the wind subsides can produce good results, but as the days after a consistent wind pass and food becomes scarce, fish will start moving to other areas to feed. Don’t let a little wind talk you out of going fishing, though. Even on breezy days you can usually still see the fish well enough to go fishing. If you’re having trouble finding fish or you can’t see them well enough to shoot, try finding a protected area to fish. An upwind, tree-lined shore, a river with high bluffs on either side, or a secluded backwater will often be calmer than an open body of water, resulting in easier fishing.
Rain can also make for difficult bowfishing, but it can be helpful too. A heavy rain can improve fishing conditions after it passes as it’s not uncommon to see rough fish, especially carp, in newly-flooded areas after a strong rain. Flooded areas give fish access to new food sources that aren’t typically available during normal water levels, and they are often quick to find these areas and begin feeding.
The bottom line is this: no matter what the weather is doing, the fish are going to be in the water. The best way to determine how weather affects fishing in your area is to fish in all kinds of weather and see what produces the best results.