Davey Valentine posted an update 7 months, 2 weeks ago
Reported by the women and 8.7 of the respondents reported to be engaged in private business. The majority belong to the Gurage Ethnic group (94.6 ). More than 90 were aged below 60 years, and more than 75 were married. Regarding literacy, 42.8 were illiterate, 23.8 able to read and write, 24.5 primary education, only 8.8 had secondary and above education. Close to 90 described their income as average or low relative to others in their neighbourhood, taken as a crude estimate of wealth. The overall prevalence of hazardous alcohol use was found to be 21 , 31 in males and 10.4 in females, P < 0.05. Forty two percent of respondents reported experiencing one or more life GW0742 web events in the past six months. Similarly, nearly 41.9 described their social support as poor, and only 11.7 reported to have strong social support. Regarding the findings on psychological distress as measured by the Kessler-10 psychological distress scale, 13.9 , 9.0 , and 5.2 scored mild, moderate and severe respectively. Details of the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics are presented in Table 1.Hazardous alcohol use and associated factorsTable 2 shows the result of logistic regression analysis of the different factors and their association with hazardous alcohol use; both crude and adjusted results were calculated and reported. Males had significantly increased risk of hazardous alcohol use both in the crude and adjusted analysis (adjusted OR = 4.0, 95 CI = 2.44, 6.67, P < 0.05). All of the age s00221-011-2677-0 groups 25 years or older had significantly higher rates of hazardous alcohol use in the crude analysis; whereas, difference was not significant for age group 60 and above in the adjusted analysis. Number of adverse life events was significantly associated with hazardous alcohol use both in crude and adjusted analysis (adjusted OR = 1.71, 95 CI = 1.18, 2.48, P < 0.05 and adjusted OR = 2.12, 95 CI = 1.36, 3.32, P < 0.05 for 1? and 3 or more adverse life events respectively). The other factors significantly associated with hazardous alcohol use was severe psychological distress (adjusted OR = 2.96, 95 CI = 1.49, 5.89, P < 0.05). High social support was found to be protective from hazardous alcohol use in the adjusted analysis (crude OR = 0.64, 95 CI = 0.40, 1.01, adjusted OR = 0.41, 95 CI = 0.23, 0.72, P < 0.05).Marital status and level of literacy were not significantly associated with hazardous alcohol use. Similarly, place of resident, ethnicity, occupation and perceived relative wealth were not significantly associated with hazardous alcohol use.Teferra et al. BMC Public Health (2016) 16:Page 5 ofTable 2 Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with hazardous use of alcohol in Sodo, Southern EthiopiaCharacteristics Sex Male Female Age group (years) 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-59 60 Marital status Single Married Divorced/widowed Education Non-literate No formal education but read and write Primary education Secondary and above Residence Urban Rural Ethnicity Gurage Others Occupation Farmer Housewife Private business Daily laborer Others Perceived relative wealth Low Average High Number of adverse life events None journal.pone.0174109 1-2 events 3 events Social support Low Moderate High Severity of psychological distress No distress Mild Moderate Severe*significant at P-value of <0.Crude OR 4.0 Ref Ref 1.78 2.82 3.42 2.30 Ref 1.32 0.62 Ref 2.11 1.42 1.42 Ref 1.90 Ref 0.40 Ref 3.02 1.32 2.64 0.92 Ref 1.23 1.57 Ref 1.72 2.69 Ref 0.88 0.64 Ref 1.50 1.